Patient Education

What is decay?


This is a cavity in a tooth. It occurs when bacteria processes sugar and damages hard tooth structure.


Why floss?


This helps to reduce the amount of bacteria that adheres to the tooth structure producing acid, that causes tooth decay. The bacteria also contributes to bad breath, because it releases sulfur compounds. Thereby, flossing can help prevent tooth decay, periodontal (gum) disease, and bad breath.


What are Crowns?


Dental Crown Diagram

Crowns are “caps” that cover a tooth to preserve the functionality of that tooth.


What is the purpose?


-To protect a tooth from fracturing after a root canal has been completed. Root Canals can help to save a tooth, but it also weakens a tooth because it eliminates the “live” part of the tooth and can make it brittle. Therefore, in most cases, it is necessary to cover a tooth with a crown to protect it from fracturing.

-To protect a tooth from fracturing when there is a large filling already in place. If there is not enough natural tooth structure, a tooth tends to fracture.

-To help to secure a cracked tooth when the crack is not large enough to be visible but is showing symptoms of a cracked tooth.

-To help restore functionality of a tooth when occlusion is off.

-To replace an existing crown that has damage or has become unesthetic.


What is the process?


-We will prepare the tooth, and then take an impression of that tooth so that the lab can make a custom crown. In the mean time, the patient will have a temporary crown in place. Then, when the lab has finished making the permanent crown, it is cemented onto the prepared tooth.


What is Bonding?


Coverings for the front of a patient's tooth.


What is purpose?


-To create a more esthetic appearance to the front teeth. It could be used to repair chips, close gaps between teeth, cover irreversible staining, or build up worn down edges of teeth.



Direct Bonding


This involves bonding a tooth-colored material called composite directly to the desired teeth. Most of the time, no preparation is needed for this. This procedure is a good way to test the waters on whether or not you would like to purchase Veneers.




Veneers*These are porcelain, lab made, coverings for teeth. We will start by taking impressions, which will help the dentist to create an artistically desired result in the laboratory.Then the dentist will prepare the chosen teeth, take impressions to send to the lab, and place temporaries. When the permanent veneers arrive from the laboratory, the dentist will then bond them onto the teeth.


What is an Implant?


ImplantsTitanium root like structure that is place into the bone which will then osseointegrate and (4-6 month later) be restored with a crown.


What is purpose?


They are used to replace missing teeth, and to help prevent bone loss. Also, in some cases they are put in to help hold in a denture.


What is the process?


An implant takes several steps and a long time to heal, but it is completely worth it, as you will have a hard time distinguishing it from your natural teeth. It helps to save the living bone. You will start with a consult with us and then with a periodontist or oral surgeon. One of the latter two will perform the surgery to place the implant. After the appropriate amount of healing time, we will then restore the tooth/teeth with an attachment and a crown.


Useful Links


American Dental Association

Indiana Dental Society

Kentucky Dental Society


Dental Implants







Websites for Dentistry and Children


Baby bottle tooth decay

Baby Teeth

Early Childhood Decay

Tooth eruption sequence

Bad Breath

Dental Anxiety

Pregnancy and Dentistry

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